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Market Commentary

January 23, 2015

Good morning. Apologies for the lateness of today's posting, but I've only just returned from a Financial Services Regulatory Conference. Good times. I really only go for the free danishes.

Anyway, a couple of important updates since the Bank of Canada's shocking decision to drop rates.

First, as you probably have noticed by now, the big banks have not followed the BoC lead and have left Prime rates unchanged at 3.00%. An article in Bloomberg suggested that the failure by the banks to reduce Prime would 'raise the ire of the Bank of Canada since the rate decline would not flow through into consumer lending rates. In truth, I bet this is EXACTLY what the BoC wanted. I don't imagine this rate cut was intended to make mortgages, car loans, or lines of credit any cheaper. It has, however, had the desired effect on the Canadian dollar which will be supportive of manufacturing and exports.

The good news for our commercial borrowers is that your insured construction or adjustable rate mortgage is based on our Asset Backed Commercial Paper cost of funds, which is closely tied to BA's, which did fall about 25bps in sympathy with the BoC rate. It will take a couple of months for the decrease to filter through as older paper matures and new paper is issued at prevailing rates, but our insured floating rate cost of funds will reflect the change in rates.

Second, in the press conference that followed, Governor Poloz noted that the Bank could take out more insurance in the form of another rate cut should the outlook deteriorate further. The key wildcard remains the price of oil. It is now very possible that the bank will follow through with another 25bps rate cut as early as March before moving to the sidelines.

Oh right. One more thing. Super Mario and the ECB announced its Quantitative Easing (QE) program. Too early to really say how this impacts our world, but it certainly adds a new dynamic to the markets.

Bond yields have been range bound the last couple of days and continue to trade around the levels they plummeted to on Wednesday. I'll try my best to keep you posted but hold on tight in the meantime, because it's going to be a *&%$* bumpy ride!

Jason Ellis
Managing Director, Capital Markets


by First National Financial LP 25. January 2015 19:47

Market Commentary - January 21, 2015

Bank of Canada cuts the overnight rate from 1.00% to 0.75%.

Responding to concerns about the impact of cheaper oil on growth and inflation prospects, the Bank of Canada cut its overnight target by 25bps to 0.75% this morning. The last change in the overnight rate was in September 2010 when the rate moved up from 0.75% to 1.00%.

The surprisingly dovish statement stresses the downside risks to both the inflation profile and financial stability from energy market developments. This surprise move (none of the surveyed economists anticipated this) is intended to provided insurance against these risks. Obviously, very negative for the C$ and very positive for fixed income. CAD now trading at 1.2358 vs the US dollar (up 2.5 cents). The curve has steepened this morning with 2 year bond yields down 26pbs, 5 year bonds yields down 19bps and 10 year bond yields down 5bps.

All of this, of course is against the backdrop of a very challenging credit environment and changes in sovereign bond rates will not necessarily translate into cheap credit. Still no word on Prime rate, but the last time the Bank of Canada cut rates by 75bps in 2008, the banks only lowered Prime by 50bps, taking the Prime-Bank Rate basis from 1.75% to 2.00%. We'll have to wait and see what the banks do, but I expect Prime will be reduced to 2.75%. I expect fixed mortgage rates and other consumer lending rates to be more sticky though. (Bank stocks are up sharply, by the way).

Commercial mortgage spreads have been trending up over the last 30 days from a low in the fourth quarter of 2014 at approximately 160 – 170 basis points over Canada's to 190 to 200 over Canada's for 5 year product. 10 year spreads have moved in a similar fashion to 210 to 220 basis points over Canada's. This is consistent with increases in other credit products such as corporate bonds and bank deposit notes. For example, First Capital Realty Inc. issued a 10 year unsecured debenture yesterday at a spread equivalent of 213 over Canada's. We would expect to see floor rates used by most lenders to protect their all in coupons from further bond spread compression.

Jason Ellis
Managing Director, Capital Markets
First National Financial LP


by First National Financial LP 21. January 2015 21:32

Financing a 50% vacant building

Financing done right - a case study 

Client Objective: building purchase and renovation
A long-standing First National client that was looking to build its portfolio in a specific geography purchased a building that was 50 per cent vacant, with the goal of renovating it and increasing its value.

The First National Solution: interim financing and CMHC loan
First National provided a loan that was 85 per cent of the acquisition price right away and allowed the financing necessary to enable the renovation as well. Once the renovation was complete and the building was full, First National secured a CMHC loan within 8 months of acquisition.

The First National Approach: obstacles as opportunities
Considered high risk by most lenders because of the vacancy rate, First National never questioned the viability of deal. Having done deals similar to this one with the client, the First National team knew that First National’s ability to take smart risks, ingenuity and nimbleness and the client’s real estate legacy combined would make the deal quick and straightforward


by First National Financial LP 21. January 2015 10:42

Janaury 16, 2015

Where to begin?  I’m not sure I have the words.  Bond yields in Canada reached record lows (again) on Thursday afternoon as investors fled to the safety of fixed income amid tumbling commodity and stock prices and signs of poor global growth.  Bond yields fell a full 10 basis points on Thursday alone, and are close  to 25 basis points lower since this time last week.  Why the big rally in bonds yesterday?  There are a lot of reasons, but we can sum it up in two words…”The Swiss”.   The Swiss National Bank roiled markets worldwide with its surprise decision to abandon the Franc’s cap against the Euro.  SNB also lowered its already negative deposit rate from -0.25% to -0.75%.  Despite the drop in deposit rates, the Franc appreciated 23% against the Euro on the day.  Sadly, that Rolex you’ve had your eye just got a lot more expensive…

In other upbeat news, a real estate research piece from Deutsche Bank  that has been making the rounds highlights Canada as the most overvalued real estate market in the world.  According the analysis, our housing market is more the 60% above fair value.  No doubt the German analyst who wrote the piece felt a warm, comforting sense of schadenfreude.  If you didn’t already know, schadenfreude is uniquely German word to describe the pleasure derived from another person’s misfortune.   

Lastly, back on Monday the Bank of Canada Business Outlook Survey (or BOCBOS for fun) showed that business sales optimism fell to its lowest level since 2012.  Then, on Tuesday, Bank of Canada deputy governor Timothy Lane said that lower oil prices are likely to be bad for Canada (duh) and may delay the economy’s return to its production potential.  Any gains from lower prices for consumers will be more than reversed over time as lower incomes from oil spill over to the rest of the economy.   Oh yeah, and Target and Sony are packing up and leaving Canada.  In fact, the sell orders are piling up on Canada as Bank of America and Fidelity Investments are publicly betting against the currency, equities and even (gasp) our bank stocks as oil continues its plunge.  

All that AND the Leafs are now firmly out of the playoff picture.  At least it’s Friday.

Up to the minute update: U.S consumer prices recorded their biggest decline in six years this morning, which could bolster the case for delaying the first interest rate increase from the Federal Reserve.  CPI fell 0.4%.  While Fed officials view the energy-driven inflation weakness as transitory, darkening prospects for the global economy and a strong dollar will complicate matters for the U.S. central bank. 


by First National Financial LP 16. January 2015 09:58

January 9, 2015

Happy New Year.  After an extended break and two rounds of antibiotics, we’re back.

It’s been a roller coaster ride between my last post and today, but that’s history,  so let’s skip forward to what happened this morning with US and Canadian employment data.   Canada’s numbers were quite soft with net change in employment down 4,300, but the details are generally better than the headline would suggest with full time jobs actually up 54,000.  US Payroll figures were stronger than expected with a headline gain of 252,000 jobs and a strong revision upward of last month’s number.  The bond market is still making up its mind this morning, and for the first time in a while, rates are actually relatively unchanged in early trading.  The 5 and 10yr GoC benchmarks (Sep 2019 and Jun 2024) are trading around 1.25% and 1.70% respectively (or about 15bps lower than my last post on December 18th).  If you need context, I would describe those are as VERY low rates.  Not as low as rates in Germany though.  The 5yr Bundesobligationen currently trades just at touch under 0%.  Not a great return for the investor, but at least you get to say ‘Bundesobligationen’.  If that wasn’t enough fun, if you’re willing to accept a rate of -0.10%, you could own the 2yr Bundesschatzanweisungen. 

Good Luck in 2015.


by First National Financial LP 9. January 2015 13:47

December 19, 2014

Global stock markets surged on Thursday with the S&P500 headed for its best two-day rally in nearly two years as the Federal Reserve pledged patience on boosting rates. As usual, a 'dovish' Fed is making up for a lot of bad news from Europe and other parts of the world. Of course, beyond the next 'couple' of meetings, Fed Chair Yellen made it clear that the potential for a hike in rates was in place. In response, bond prices out the curve, in contrary to equities, fell sharply on heightened expectations that borrowing costs will rise next year. But that's next year, so don't worry, be happy….Canadian bond markets reacted to the FOMC news in a derivative kind of way and lagged the move in Treasuries. 5yr GoC's are 10bps higher than the close on Tuesday, but 5yr Treasuries are up 16bps. (Plus your RRSP account will look much better today than it did on Tuesday).

Of course, as low as rates are in Canada, borrowers can be envious of their Swiss peers. The Swiss National Bank surprised markets on Thursday by introducing negative interest rates. Deposit your hard earned savings for a year, and get back $99.25 for every $100 invested. On the plus side, you get a giant novelty Toblerone bar when you withdraw your money, so that's nice. Of course, the negative rates are in place to discourage safe haven buying of short term deposits by anxious investors in Russia. Sadly, calls to SNB to borrow money at negative rates have not been returned.

And lastly, in the category of 'that just isn't right', a Liter of carbonated water (a.k.a Perrier) now costs ELEVEN times more than a Liter of West Texas Intermediate.

Merry Christmas, Happy Hanukah, and best wishes for a healthy, happy and prosperous new year. I'm off to practice my Feats of Strength for Festivus now. Treasury out!


by First National Financial LP 19. December 2014 13:51

December 12, 2014

Let's just not talk about over valued real estate, oil prices, or the equity market in general, and try to find some silver linings shall we?

It was a busy week for mortgage securitization, and that's never a bad thing. The CMBS transaction issued by First National and CMLS closed this week and a new CMBS transaction from MCAP priced right on its heels. Including the RBC 'Real-T' transaction at the end of October, that's over $750 million of Canadian CMBS supply in about 6-weeks. Not too shabby.

Also this week, First National and Home Trust each came with syndicated NHA-MBS Transactions totaling $500 million and have traded well. Lastly, any moment now, the 5-year CMB will be pricing. It is a $5 billion re-opening of the December 2019 maturity and is sold out. The next 5-year CMB will be issued in March 2015 and will carry a June 2020 maturity date (that's 63 months if you're keeping score).

As far as rates go, I can't believe I'm typing this, but we have set new 1-year lows in 5-year Gov't of Canada bonds this morning which are currently trading at 1.34% compared to 1.48% last Friday. The same is true of 10-year bonds. The June 2025 Canada bond is now at 1.90% compared to 2.07% last Friday. My advice? Borrow early and Borrow often!


by First National Financial LP 12. December 2014 13:53

December 5, 2014

Interest rates are generally 9-11bps higher than this time last week, and are sharply higher in early trading this morning following a stronger than expected employment data in the US.  The 321,000 gain in non-farm payrolls may have woken markets up to the fact that the Fed could hike rates as early as next Spring.  The Canadian employment data wasn’t as encouraging though.  Monthly employment here declined by 11,000 jobs, although full time employment was up while part-time employment was down.  All in all, despite the modest drop for November, the labour market in Canada appears to be on better footing heading into the end of the year.

On Wednesday afternoon First National along with CMLS launched a $282 million CMBS transaction with investors in Canada and the US buying the new issue.  Another Canadian CMBS transaction (from a different issuer) is currently being marketed, and we should see it price next week.   While we’re on the topic of securitization, Canada Housing Trust will be also be in the market next week with a re-opening of the December 2019 CMB.  The next 5year CMB will be scheduled for March 2015 and will likely carry a June 2020 maturity date.

CMHC this week announced significant changes to its fee schedule as it relates to NHA MBS and CMB securitization.  Under the NHA MBS program, CMHC guarantees timely payment of principal and interest.  CMHC is increasing the MBS guarantee fees across all terms effective April 1,2015 (April fools day…not).   The increases will add as much 6-7 basis points to the cost of funding mortgages in CMHC sponsored securitization programs.   Until then…securitize early, and securitize often.


by First National Financial LP 5. December 2014 13:54

October 10, 2014

Just when you thought it was safe to get back into the pool….

Wednesday’s post-Fed minutes equity rally reversed sharply on Thursday as investors focused again on the outlook for the global economy.  ECB (European Central Bank) chief Mario Draghi added fuel to this week’s fire with a warning about the troubled euro zone.  Toss in Ebola, ISIS, and Hong Kong protests and there is a lot for markets to think about.  Hopefully, with the long weekend in Canada and the US (Columbus Day), markets will have plenty of time figure it all out before Tuesday.

The good news for mortgage borrowers is that bond rates are back down to recent lows thanks to the general dovish tone of the FED.   Unfortunately, credit spreads are under pressure given the recent blood bath in equities, but Canada Mortgage Bonds did outperform the rest of the credit spectrum, so we’ve got that going for us.

Fun Thanksgiving fact: Benjamin Franklin preferred the Turkey over the Bald Eagle (“a bird of bad moral character”) as the American national bird. 


by First National Financial LP 10. October 2014 09:56

October 18, 2013

The headline report for today is Canadian CPI for September.  It came in with a 0.2% increase over August for an annual rate of 1.1%.  Core inflation clocked-in with an annual rate of 1.3%.  Both numbers were generally in line with expectations but are well below Bank of Canada forecasts.  

Good growth in China appears to be giving the markets a boost.  The Chinese economy grew by 7.8% in the third quarter.  In North America equities started the day higher across the board.

Bond yields are down 5 - 6 bps.


by First National Financial LP 18. October 2013 16:26