6. February 2015 10:03
Good morning Canadian real estate investors,
You'll have to forgive me if I'm brief today. I'm still sobering up from the sunshine and tequila after a few days in Mexico with some of our residential mortgage broker friends. (I'm available for speaking engagements anywhere they put umbrellas in your drink). Your souvenir 'Senor Frog' t-shirts are in the mail.
As I sit down to write this, Canadian and US employment data has just been released, and it looks pretty good. US payrolls maintained their recent trend in January, and this time employment growth was accompanied by an acceleration in wages. In addition to 257,000 new jobs, there was a massive upward revision of 147,000 jobs to the prior two months. Most significant to Fed policy though, is that wages rebounded after very weak figures in December. Could a June 'rate lift-off' be back in play for the Fed? Maybe.
Meanwhile, Canada's job numbers were good too (+35,000 versus forecast of +5,000), but with a tilt toward part-time and self-employed positions making the result a little more ambiguous. Could the Bank of Canada still cut rates in March? Maybe.
As you would expect, the bond market is selling off on the positive employment news and yields are up 3-5bps across the curve in early trading. This move takes the 5yr Canada bond back to a yield of 0.75%, which is more than 15 basis points higher than where we started the week. The 10yr Canada bond has seen a similar move, and is now yielding 1.39% relative to 1.23% on Monday.
In funding news, issuers are preparing for the 10yr CMB this month, and things are shaping up well. Congratulations for choosing First National and the Canada Mortgage Bond for your 10yr mortgage funding needs. You've chosen wisely.
Hasta la Vista, Treasury Guy
Managing Director, Capital Markets
30. January 2015 12:06
Well, another week, and another 10-12bps gone, but who’s counting. At this rate we’ll have negative rates in Canada for Valentine’s Day.
I’ve always thought context is always important, and I’m quickly losing it, so maybe a quick review of what rates have done recently is in order. Remember Christmas? When we went home on the 24th for a nice turkey dinner and the airing of grievances (for those of us celebrating Festivus), the 5yr Canada benchmark bond was yielding 1.44%. As I write this, the same bond is yielding a touch under 0.65%. The yield is literally less than HALF of what it was. Over the same time, the 10yr benchmark has fallen from 2.02% to 1.30%.
The interesting thing about where rates are now, is that it makes for a compelling sales pitch as a 5 year NHA-MBS issuer. Sell your government bonds and buy a government guaranteed ‘AAA’ rated NHA-MBS pool for DOUBLE the yield. It’s true. You can earn 100% more interest by owning NHA MBS relative to bonds. (No, I can’t sell them to you for your RRSP contribution). You’d think my phone would be ringing off the hook though, but the credit market is still a bit wobbly, and unfortunately, NHA-MBS still lacks the liquidity investors crave during times like these. Nonetheless, CMB and MBS spreads have held in reasonably well over the last few weeks, but for reasons that escape me, provincial spreads have actually outperformed CMB’s by several basis points.
The action in the bond market this week was most volatile on Tuesday when very weak US Durable goods orders sent bond yields tumbling 10 basis points until a couple of hours later the US Consumer Confidence index came in well above expectations. In fact, at 102.9 (vs 95.5 expected) it was the most confident US consumers have been since 2007. I’m still trying to figure out why all these confident consumers weren’t out there buying Dishwashers, Refrigerators and other durable goods. The bond market didn’t let this little oxymoron put them off though. Bonds came crashing back to earth and we ended Tuesday with yields only modestly lower.
The market focus on Wednesday was the US FOMC rate announcement and related statement. The Fed left rates at 0% as expected and said that economic activity is expanding at a ‘solid’ pace (was ‘moderate’ in the last statement) and job gains are ‘strong’ (was ‘solid’) and they describe current low inflation as ‘largely’ due to weaker energy prices (was ‘partly’). The fed also added that they are monitoring ‘international developments’. What does all that subtlety mean? I haven’t any idea, but the market clearly understood and the reaction was unambiguous. The rate market rallied hard and the curve continued to flatten. Equities sold off and oil was crushed back by about 4%.
But hold on! Great news on the jobless front. US initial claims fell…a lot…on Thursday. First-time claims hit a new 15-year low. Seriously. Continuing claims also fell. Did bonds sell off on this. No. They did not. They continued to rally. Rates ended lower again.
ANYWAY, let’s talk about the Bank of Canada for a minute. After cutting interest rates by 25bps, Governor Poloz said that the ‘drop in oil prices is unambiguously negative for the Canadian economy’. The cut was sold as an ‘insurance’ move against oil prices should the expected offsetting positives (consumer spending, exports etc.) take longer to develop. Well, the only big news out of Canada this week was that Statistics Canada released labour market revisions on Wednesday that slashed 2014 job gains by more than a third. I’m betting my son’s grade 9 social studies class could have done a better job than StatsCan. This is, of course, evidence of the employment weakness that policy makers including Poloz believe indicate material slack in the economy. Derivative contracts on short term interest rates are now pricing in an almost 60% chance of another 25bp rate cut in on March 4th. (and a 60% chance that banks will cut prime by 60% of that…just kidding…I’m pretty sure the banks will be quick about matching the next 25bps).
I’ll drop in an update on GDP data in the morning, but for now I’m off to the Leaf game, paying for sins committed in another lifetime I expect. GO LEA….oh, forget it.
Managing Director, Capital Markets
25. January 2015 19:47
Good morning. Apologies for the lateness of today's posting, but I've only just returned from a Financial Services Regulatory Conference. Good times. I really only go for the free danishes.
Anyway, a couple of important updates since the Bank of Canada's shocking decision to drop rates.
First, as you probably have noticed by now, the big banks have not followed the BoC lead and have left Prime rates unchanged at 3.00%. An article in Bloomberg suggested that the failure by the banks to reduce Prime would 'raise the ire of the Bank of Canada since the rate decline would not flow through into consumer lending rates. In truth, I bet this is EXACTLY what the BoC wanted. I don't imagine this rate cut was intended to make mortgages, car loans, or lines of credit any cheaper. It has, however, had the desired effect on the Canadian dollar which will be supportive of manufacturing and exports.
The good news for our commercial borrowers is that your insured construction or adjustable rate mortgage is based on our Asset Backed Commercial Paper cost of funds, which is closely tied to BA's, which did fall about 25bps in sympathy with the BoC rate. It will take a couple of months for the decrease to filter through as older paper matures and new paper is issued at prevailing rates, but our insured floating rate cost of funds will reflect the change in rates.
Second, in the press conference that followed, Governor Poloz noted that the Bank could take out more insurance in the form of another rate cut should the outlook deteriorate further. The key wildcard remains the price of oil. It is now very possible that the bank will follow through with another 25bps rate cut as early as March before moving to the sidelines.
Oh right. One more thing. Super Mario and the ECB announced its Quantitative Easing (QE) program. Too early to really say how this impacts our world, but it certainly adds a new dynamic to the markets.
Bond yields have been range bound the last couple of days and continue to trade around the levels they plummeted to on Wednesday. I'll try my best to keep you posted but hold on tight in the meantime, because it's going to be a *&%$* bumpy ride!
Managing Director, Capital Markets
21. January 2015 21:32
Bank of Canada cuts the overnight rate from 1.00% to 0.75%.
Responding to concerns about the impact of cheaper oil on growth and inflation prospects, the Bank of Canada cut its overnight target by 25bps to 0.75% this morning. The last change in the overnight rate was in September 2010 when the rate moved up from 0.75% to 1.00%.
The surprisingly dovish statement stresses the downside risks to both the inflation profile and financial stability from energy market developments. This surprise move (none of the surveyed economists anticipated this) is intended to provided insurance against these risks. Obviously, very negative for the C$ and very positive for fixed income. CAD now trading at 1.2358 vs the US dollar (up 2.5 cents). The curve has steepened this morning with 2 year bond yields down 26pbs, 5 year bonds yields down 19bps and 10 year bond yields down 5bps.
All of this, of course is against the backdrop of a very challenging credit environment and changes in sovereign bond rates will not necessarily translate into cheap credit. Still no word on Prime rate, but the last time the Bank of Canada cut rates by 75bps in 2008, the banks only lowered Prime by 50bps, taking the Prime-Bank Rate basis from 1.75% to 2.00%. We'll have to wait and see what the banks do, but I expect Prime will be reduced to 2.75%. I expect fixed mortgage rates and other consumer lending rates to be more sticky though. (Bank stocks are up sharply, by the way).
Commercial mortgage spreads have been trending up over the last 30 days from a low in the fourth quarter of 2014 at approximately 160 – 170 basis points over Canada's to 190 to 200 over Canada's for 5 year product. 10 year spreads have moved in a similar fashion to 210 to 220 basis points over Canada's. This is consistent with increases in other credit products such as corporate bonds and bank deposit notes. For example, First Capital Realty Inc. issued a 10 year unsecured debenture yesterday at a spread equivalent of 213 over Canada's. We would expect to see floor rates used by most lenders to protect their all in coupons from further bond spread compression.
Managing Director, Capital Markets
First National Financial LP
21. January 2015 10:42
Financing done right - a case study
Client Objective: building purchase and renovation
A long-standing First National client that was looking to build its portfolio in a specific geography purchased a building that was 50 per cent vacant, with the goal of renovating it and increasing its value.
The First National Solution: interim financing and CMHC loan
First National provided a loan that was 85 per cent of the acquisition price right away and allowed the financing necessary to enable the renovation as well. Once the renovation was complete and the building was full, First National secured a CMHC loan within 8 months of acquisition.
The First National Approach: obstacles as opportunities
Considered high risk by most lenders because of the vacancy rate, First National never questioned the viability of deal. Having done deals similar to this one with the client, the First National team knew that First National’s ability to take smart risks, ingenuity and nimbleness and the client’s real estate legacy combined would make the deal quick and straightforward
16. January 2015 09:58
Where to begin? I’m not sure I have the words. Bond yields in Canada reached record lows (again) on Thursday afternoon as investors fled to the safety of fixed income amid tumbling commodity and stock prices and signs of poor global growth. Bond yields fell a full 10 basis points on Thursday alone, and are close to 25 basis points lower since this time last week. Why the big rally in bonds yesterday? There are a lot of reasons, but we can sum it up in two words…”The Swiss”. The Swiss National Bank roiled markets worldwide with its surprise decision to abandon the Franc’s cap against the Euro. SNB also lowered its already negative deposit rate from -0.25% to -0.75%. Despite the drop in deposit rates, the Franc appreciated 23% against the Euro on the day. Sadly, that Rolex you’ve had your eye just got a lot more expensive…
In other upbeat news, a real estate research piece from Deutsche Bank that has been making the rounds highlights Canada as the most overvalued real estate market in the world. According the analysis, our housing market is more the 60% above fair value. No doubt the German analyst who wrote the piece felt a warm, comforting sense of schadenfreude. If you didn’t already know, schadenfreude is uniquely German word to describe the pleasure derived from another person’s misfortune.
Lastly, back on Monday the Bank of Canada Business Outlook Survey (or BOCBOS for fun) showed that business sales optimism fell to its lowest level since 2012. Then, on Tuesday, Bank of Canada deputy governor Timothy Lane said that lower oil prices are likely to be bad for Canada (duh) and may delay the economy’s return to its production potential. Any gains from lower prices for consumers will be more than reversed over time as lower incomes from oil spill over to the rest of the economy. Oh yeah, and Target and Sony are packing up and leaving Canada. In fact, the sell orders are piling up on Canada as Bank of America and Fidelity Investments are publicly betting against the currency, equities and even (gasp) our bank stocks as oil continues its plunge.
All that AND the Leafs are now firmly out of the playoff picture. At least it’s Friday.
Up to the minute update: U.S consumer prices recorded their biggest decline in six years this morning, which could bolster the case for delaying the first interest rate increase from the Federal Reserve. CPI fell 0.4%. While Fed officials view the energy-driven inflation weakness as transitory, darkening prospects for the global economy and a strong dollar will complicate matters for the U.S. central bank.
9. January 2015 13:47
Happy New Year. After an extended break and two rounds of antibiotics, we’re back.
It’s been a roller coaster ride between my last post and today, but that’s history, so let’s skip forward to what happened this morning with US and Canadian employment data. Canada’s numbers were quite soft with net change in employment down 4,300, but the details are generally better than the headline would suggest with full time jobs actually up 54,000. US Payroll figures were stronger than expected with a headline gain of 252,000 jobs and a strong revision upward of last month’s number. The bond market is still making up its mind this morning, and for the first time in a while, rates are actually relatively unchanged in early trading. The 5 and 10yr GoC benchmarks (Sep 2019 and Jun 2024) are trading around 1.25% and 1.70% respectively (or about 15bps lower than my last post on December 18th). If you need context, I would describe those are as VERY low rates. Not as low as rates in Germany though. The 5yr Bundesobligationen currently trades just at touch under 0%. Not a great return for the investor, but at least you get to say ‘Bundesobligationen’. If that wasn’t enough fun, if you’re willing to accept a rate of -0.10%, you could own the 2yr Bundesschatzanweisungen.
Good Luck in 2015.
19. December 2014 13:51
Global stock markets surged on Thursday with the S&P500 headed for its best two-day rally in nearly two years as the Federal Reserve pledged patience on boosting rates. As usual, a 'dovish' Fed is making up for a lot of bad news from Europe and other parts of the world. Of course, beyond the next 'couple' of meetings, Fed Chair Yellen made it clear that the potential for a hike in rates was in place. In response, bond prices out the curve, in contrary to equities, fell sharply on heightened expectations that borrowing costs will rise next year. But that's next year, so don't worry, be happy….Canadian bond markets reacted to the FOMC news in a derivative kind of way and lagged the move in Treasuries. 5yr GoC's are 10bps higher than the close on Tuesday, but 5yr Treasuries are up 16bps. (Plus your RRSP account will look much better today than it did on Tuesday).
Of course, as low as rates are in Canada, borrowers can be envious of their Swiss peers. The Swiss National Bank surprised markets on Thursday by introducing negative interest rates. Deposit your hard earned savings for a year, and get back $99.25 for every $100 invested. On the plus side, you get a giant novelty Toblerone bar when you withdraw your money, so that's nice. Of course, the negative rates are in place to discourage safe haven buying of short term deposits by anxious investors in Russia. Sadly, calls to SNB to borrow money at negative rates have not been returned.
And lastly, in the category of 'that just isn't right', a Liter of carbonated water (a.k.a Perrier) now costs ELEVEN times more than a Liter of West Texas Intermediate.
Merry Christmas, Happy Hanukah, and best wishes for a healthy, happy and prosperous new year. I'm off to practice my Feats of Strength for Festivus now. Treasury out!
12. December 2014 13:53
Let's just not talk about over valued real estate, oil prices, or the equity market in general, and try to find some silver linings shall we?
It was a busy week for mortgage securitization, and that's never a bad thing. The CMBS transaction issued by First National and CMLS closed this week and a new CMBS transaction from MCAP priced right on its heels. Including the RBC 'Real-T' transaction at the end of October, that's over $750 million of Canadian CMBS supply in about 6-weeks. Not too shabby.
Also this week, First National and Home Trust each came with syndicated NHA-MBS Transactions totaling $500 million and have traded well. Lastly, any moment now, the 5-year CMB will be pricing. It is a $5 billion re-opening of the December 2019 maturity and is sold out. The next 5-year CMB will be issued in March 2015 and will carry a June 2020 maturity date (that's 63 months if you're keeping score).
As far as rates go, I can't believe I'm typing this, but we have set new 1-year lows in 5-year Gov't of Canada bonds this morning which are currently trading at 1.34% compared to 1.48% last Friday. The same is true of 10-year bonds. The June 2025 Canada bond is now at 1.90% compared to 2.07% last Friday. My advice? Borrow early and Borrow often!
5. December 2014 13:54
Interest rates are generally 9-11bps higher than this time last week, and are sharply higher in early trading this morning following a stronger than expected employment data in the US. The 321,000 gain in non-farm payrolls may have woken markets up to the fact that the Fed could hike rates as early as next Spring. The Canadian employment data wasn’t as encouraging though. Monthly employment here declined by 11,000 jobs, although full time employment was up while part-time employment was down. All in all, despite the modest drop for November, the labour market in Canada appears to be on better footing heading into the end of the year.
On Wednesday afternoon First National along with CMLS launched a $282 million CMBS transaction with investors in Canada and the US buying the new issue. Another Canadian CMBS transaction (from a different issuer) is currently being marketed, and we should see it price next week. While we’re on the topic of securitization, Canada Housing Trust will be also be in the market next week with a re-opening of the December 2019 CMB. The next 5year CMB will be scheduled for March 2015 and will likely carry a June 2020 maturity date.
CMHC this week announced significant changes to its fee schedule as it relates to NHA MBS and CMB securitization. Under the NHA MBS program, CMHC guarantees timely payment of principal and interest. CMHC is increasing the MBS guarantee fees across all terms effective April 1,2015 (April fools day…not). The increases will add as much 6-7 basis points to the cost of funding mortgages in CMHC sponsored securitization programs. Until then…securitize early, and securitize often.